If you see blood in the sink or on your toothbrush regularly after you brush, it could be more than just a mild irritation and a sign of serious problem. In the following post we will look at some of the reasons why your gums bleed and what you can do about it.
Why Do Your Gums Bleed?
Far from something you should ignore, spotting blood either in the sink after a thorough brush or on the bristles of the brush itself, is something you should be keenly aware of. Although occasional bleeding gums can be caused by coarse food scratching against your gums; if it becomes a regular occurrence it is possible that something more serious could be the cause. We will now look at 6 of the most common causes of bleeding gums and how you can sort it.
You Are Suffering From Gingivitis
When cavity causing bacteria and plaque start to built up on your teeth, it causes your gums to become inflamed, resulting in what is known as gingivitis. As this is almost completely symptomless and pain-free, it can be easily missed, unless you spot blood on your brush or floss. However, if it is not treated, it can lead to periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, which can result in gum tissue destruction and tooth loss.
Fortunately it can be reversed and also can be avoided completely. Brushing and flossing to remove the plaque and visits to your dentist can help prevent bleeding gums and keeping gingivitis away.
You Are A Smoker
Smokers have a greater chance of suffering from bleeding gums than non-smokers for various reasons. Not only can the inhaled smoke leave toxins that irritate and can be difficult to remove just through oral hygiene alone. These damaging toxins cause aggravation for the gums and cause them to bleed. Smoking can also compromise your immune systems response to infections, leading to issues with proper oxygenation of the blood supply and healing that can influence your gums negatively. If you quit smoking, your gums will be happy.
You Have An Unhealthy Diet
Your gums could be on the path to inflammation if you are not consuming enough portions of fresh fruit and veg a day, along with high protein meats and fish, dairy and whole grains. Simply put, having a balanced diet will not only benefit your body, but your mouth directly. It is crucial that you learn to accept the fact that there are no special, miracle foods that will provide your mouth, teeth and gums with extra protection against oral diseases. The only real miracle is a toothbrush and the best way to keep your gums and mouth happy and healthy is by combining good oral hygiene practices with a balanced, healthy intake of food and drink every day.
You Are Female
The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and menstruation can increase the risk of bleeding gums. Hormonal gingivitis is a regular occurrence for some women as part of their monthly cycle. The hormonal differences during pregnancy also increases the risk of developing full-blown gingivitis that can also lead onto periodontitis. If you feel it’s your hormones that are to blame for your bleeding gums, you should speak to your dentist to see how you could make changes to your oral hygiene routine to reduce this occurring.
You Don’t Have Good Oral Health Habits
Whether you are forgetting to floss, brushing too hard or maybe not at all, if you are not engaging in a regular and meticulous oral hygiene routine, your gums will suffer as a result of your negligence. As your gums are made up of rather soft tissue, if you trauma them too much with a harder than necessary toothbrush, they are likely to become inflamed and bleed. And while softer bristled brushes do provide a much kinds cleaning experience for your teeth and gums, if you don’t brush at all, it really doesn’t matter what the toothbrush is that you are not using. You need to keep in mind that the primary cause of gingivitis is the build-up of plaque, which is why most dental practitioners and dentists will recommend that you brush your teeth at least twice a day, in the morning and at night-time before you go to bed, as well as flossing on daily basis. Following this routine will help remove not only the plaque but also the debris that is often left in your mouth after you have finished eating. The bacteria that occurs in the plaque uses the food debris to create acids that can detrimentally affect your teeth and gums.
The worst food debris offenders are things such as fruit roll-ups and potato chips. They can often stick to your gums and teeth for a long time if you do not remove them as soon as you possible can. If you eat these kinds of foods, it is crucial that you brush your teeth as soon as you finish eating to stop them causing any adverse effects on your teeth and gums.
You Take Certain Types of Medication
Have you ever wondered why at the start of any appointment, your dentist will ask if you have recently started taking any new medicine? The reason they ask is because there are many prescription drugs out there that can be attributed as a cause of bleeding gums. Dilantin and other anticonvulsants have been known to call unusual levels of swelling in the gums. Whereas immune-suppressants and some blood pressure medications can also cause your gums to swell and bleed. While others can dry out your mouth, which is another big trigger for gum issues. It is reckoned that there is likely to be over 400 medications out there that can adversely affect the amount of salivary flow you have in your mouth and these include anti-psychotics, anti-depressants, sedatives and anti-histamines. Your mouth needs saliva to wash away the food debris after you have finished eating and to balance out the acids produced by certain bacteria that can irritate your gums.